The real indication of durability is the wood's hardness. Wood species are given a Janka Hardness rating based on their resistance to indentation. The harder the floor, the more resistant it will be to scrapes, dents, and everyday wear-and-tear.
The top five hardest wood species are:
- Patagonian Rosewood
- Tiete Rosewood
Tiete Rosewood hardwood flooring (above) is one of the hardest flooring materials you can buy.
The five wood species with the lowest Janka hardness ratings are:
- Western Red Cedar
- Douglas Fir
- Exotic Hickory
Don't get us wrong - even the softest of hardwoods will still make a beautiful, durable floor. In fact, two of the most common and trusted hardwood flooring materials - Oak flooring and Birch flooring - also have two of the lowest Janka hardness ratings. Ipe is one of the hardest flooring materials and is certainly durable, but red or white oak flooring is a great option as well.